Depression- What are the signs and symptoms?

Depression affects different people in many different ways. It can be a numbness or emptiness where you don’t feel happy; you may feel sad, or angry.
Sometimes depression can feel like irritation or frustration. Small issues suddenly feel big. Sometimes you might lose enjoyment in things that would normally make you happy. You might feel like there’s nothing to look forward to.
If any of these examples feel familiar, or if you just don’t feel okay, it’s worth talking to someone. Depression is treatable with the right support.

Behaviour – Depression can look like:

  • not going out anymore
  • not getting things done at work or school
  • withdrawing from close family and friends
  • relying on alcohol and sedatives
  • not doing usual enjoyable activities
  • unable to concentrate

Feelings – Depression can make you feel:

  • overwhelmed or indecisive
  • guilty
  • irritable or frustrated
  • lacking in confidence
  • unhappy or disappointed
  • miserable or sad

Thoughts – When you have depression, you might think:

  • ‘I’m a failure.’
  • ‘It’s my fault.’
  • ‘Nothing good ever happens to me.’
  • ‘I’m worthless.’
  • ‘Life’s not worth living.’
  • ‘People would be better off without me.’

Suicidal Thoughts – Sometimes people who are experiencing depression may also experience suicidal thoughts. If you are experiencing suicidal thoughts, please call or visit Life Line immediately on:
Ph: 13 11 14

 Physical Symptoms – Physical symptoms of depression can include:

  • feeling tired all the time
  • feeling sick and run down
  • headaches and muscle pains
  • stomach pain, butterflies or churning gut
  • sleep problems
  • loss or change of appetite
  • significant weight loss or gain

Some psychological interventions that can help with depression:

  • Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
  • Animal-assisted therapy (for people in nursing homes or hospitals)
  • Art therapy
  • Behaviour therapy (BT)
  • Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)
  • Computer-assisted therapies (professionally-guided)
  • Dance and movement therapy (DMT)
  • Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT)
  • Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR)
  • Faith-based psychotherapy (for people with relevant religious or spiritual beliefs)
  • Hypnosis (hypnotherapy)
  • Interpersonal therapy (IPT)
  • Metacognitive therapy (MCT)
  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)
  • Music therapy
  • Problem solving therapy (PST)
  • Psychodynamic psychotherapy
  • For short-term psychodynamic therapy
  • Psychoeducation
  • Relationship therapy
  • Reminiscence therapy (for older adults)
  • Supportive counselling

Information in this article provided by

Recent Articles

Understanding Addictions: Shedding Light on Vaping Addiction

Understanding Addictions: Shedding Light on Vaping Addiction

Addiction is described in the psychiatric literature to be a complex and challenging phenomenon that affects millions of individuals worldwide. While substance abuse and dependency have been extensively studied, emerging addictive behaviours like vaping are gaining attention in recent years. In this article, we will delve into the nature of addictions and explore the growing concern surrounding vaping addiction.

read more
Online Therapy – Everything you need to know

Online Therapy – Everything you need to know

What is it?
Online therapy, also known as Telehealth, is essentially the delivery of health services using information and communication technologies. ie video / phone. It is now commonplace and widely used throughout Australia as an appropriate method of providing health services.
Online therapy can be provided in various ways, but most commonly via video link or over the phone.

read more
Men’s Mental Health Matters

Men’s Mental Health Matters

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2020), on average, one in eight men will experience depression and one in five men will experience anxiety at some stage of their lives. Men make up an average seven out of every nine suicides every single day in...

read more